Biology Courses (BIO)

Prerequisite for 300, 400, and 500 levels: minimum grade of C- or better in BIO 112, unless otherwise specified.

BIO 105 Major Concepts of Biology

Introduction to major concepts in biology. Topic sections emphasize specific areas including conservation biology, biotechnology, and current issues. Survey sections emphasize basic aspects of biology, including genetics, physiology and ecology.

3

BIO 105L Major Concepts of Biology Laboratory

Designed to acquaint non-science majors with the process of scientific inquiry and major ideas in biology, including function of cells, the human body, mechanisms of heredity, ecology, and evolution.

1

Prerequisites

Pr. or Coreq. concurrent enrollment in BIO 105 or previous credit for BIO 105

BIO 110 Introduction to Biology

An introduction to the principles of biology, including the molecular and cellular basis of life, genetics, and biotechnology.

3

Prerequisites

Pre-Nursing or Nursing major or permission of instructor

BIO 111 Principles of Biology I

Prerequisite for most other biology courses and includes laboratory. Lecture covers the fundamental principles of biology including the molecular and cellular basis of life, genetics, and biotechnology.

4

BIO 112 Principles of Biology II

Prerequisite for 300-level courses and above. Continuation of BIO 111 and includes laboratory. Fundamental principles of biology including botany, zoology, evolution, and ecology. A passing grade in lecture must be achieved for successful completion of this course.

4

Prerequisites

Grade of C- or better in BIO 111 (or BIO 110 and BIO 113)

BIO 113 Principles of Biology Laboratory

Basic laboratory practices and fundamental principles of biology including molecular and cellular basis of life, genetics, and biotechnology.

1

Prerequisites

BIO 110

BIO 271 Human Anatomy

Human anatomy with study of skeletons, models, and anatomical preparations. Includes dissection of cat.

4

Prerequisites

A grade of C- or better in BIO 110 or BIO 111

BIO 277 Human Physiology

Human physiology with emphasis on homeostatic mechanisms.

4

Prerequisites

A grade of C- or better in BIO 110 or BIO 111 and high school chemistry with grade of C or better

BIO 280 Fundamentals of Microbiology

General survey of microscopic life and its impact on medicine, public health, and the environment. Includes laboratory work with bacteria, emphasizing aseptic technique.

4

Prerequisites

A grade of C- or better in BIO 110 or BIO 111, and successful completion of either BIO 271 or BIO 277

BIO 301 Principles of Ecology

Introduction to fundamentals of ecology. Principles relating to populations, communities and ecosystems. Particular emphasis placed on the many dimensions of interdependence within ecosystems.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 112

BIO 302 Introductory Ecology Laboratory

Laboratory course to accompany BIO 301. Several field trips.

1

Prerequisites

Pr. or Coreq. BIO 301

BIO 322 Plant Diversity

Lecture and laboratory are introduction to the plant, fungi, and protista kingdoms. Emphasis is on structure, reproduction, and life cycles of the organisms. A passing grade in lecture must be achieved for successful completion of this course.

4

Prerequisites

BIO 112

BIO 341 Invertebrate Zoology

Major invertebrate groups with emphasis on ecology, physiology, evolution, and structural adaptations of representative types. Weekend coastal field trip required.

4

Prerequisites

BIO 112

BIO 354 Plant Systematics

Lecture and laboratory are introduction to the classification and evolution of vascular plants. The principles of classification and characteristics of selected plant families are emphasized. A passing grade in lecture must be achieved for successful completion of this course.

4

Prerequisites

BIO 112

BIO 355 Cell Biology

Study of cellular organization and function. Fundamental biochemical properties, including cellular components, enzyme function, energetics, and metabolism studied in relation to cellular structure, membrane function, cell movement, and cytoplasmic compartments.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 112 and CHE 114 (or equivalent)

BIO 356 Cell Biology Laboratory

Laboratory exercises to complement lecture material of BIO 355.

1

Prerequisites

BIO 112

Corequisites

Pr. or Coreq. BIO 355

BIO 361 Biology and Conservation of Sea Turtles

Students spend 2 weeks in July/August in Tortuguero, Costa Rica assisting with tagging and collecting data on nesting turtles. Seminar and N.C. field trip in spring.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 112 or permission of instructor

BIO 370 Vertebrate Zoology

Evolution of major vertebrate groups with emphasis on morphology, ecology, and behavior. Comparisons of vertebrates in the laboratory through dissections and field work.

4

Prerequisites

BIO 112

BIO 392 Genetics

Mendelism and modern trends in genetics.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 112

BIO 393 Genetics Laboratory

Laboratory course to complement BIO 392. Exercises employ both classic genetic approaches and modern recombinant DNA technology.

1

Prerequisites

Pr. or Coreq. BIO 392

BIO 420 Marine Biology

An introduction to marine organisms and their habitats; special attention given to adaptations necessary for marine life, physical oceanography, and basic ecological principles; one weekend coastal field trip is required.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 112 and one of BIO 301, BIO 322, BIO 341, BIO 354, BIO 355, BIO 370, or BIO 392

BIO 424 Plant Physiology and Biotechnology

Physiological processes involved in plant growth spanning effects from the molecular to the environmental level. Laboratories will utilize biotechnological manipulations of the model plant Arabidopsis.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 355

BIO 425 Biological Clocks

Descriptive survey of behavioral and physiological rhythms in humans and other animals, including circadian, tidal, lunar, seasonal and circannual cycles, with ecological considerations and implications for human health.

3

Prerequisites

One of BIO 301, BIO 322, BIO 341, BIO 354, BIO 355, BIO 370, BIO 392

BIO 430 Biological Evolution

Fundamental principles of evolution biology, including mechanisms and consequences of evolutionary change, levels of selection, speciation, population genetics, and major evolutionary patterns at human and geologic time scales.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 301 and BIO 392, and one of BIO 322, BIO 341, BIO 354, or BIO 370

BIO 431 The Biosphere

A study of environmental issues in biology, specifically ecosystems, population dynamics, biodiversity and extinction.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 301

BIO 438 Animal Behavior

Application of theory of evolution to the explanation of animal behavior. Surveys a variety of species, addressing several behavioral categories as well as issues in sociobiology and human evolution.

3

Prerequisites

PSY 121 and PSY 230, or BIO 112

Cross Listed Courses

Same as PSY 438.

BIO 439 Animal Behavior with Laboratory

Application of theory of evolution to animal behavior. Includes laboratory and field techniques for assessing behavioral adaptations. Surveys several behavioral categories in a variety of species.

4

Prerequisites

PSY 230 and PSY 311, or BIO 112

Cross Listed Courses

Same as PSY 438L.

BIO 453 Vertebrate Morphogenesis

Vertebrate development focussed on cellular and molecular mechanisms of induction, differentiation, and morphogenetic processes that give rise to the adult body plan. Laboratory includes study of vertebrate embryos and adult specimens.

4

Prerequisites

BIO 355

BIO 464 Developmental Biology

A survey of developmental processes in plants and animals. Topics will include fertilization, achievement of multicellularity, cell determination and differentiation, pattern development, and the genetic regulation of such processes.

4

Prerequisites

C (2.0) or better in BIO 355 and BIO 392

BIO 472 Histology

Microscopic anatomy of vertebrate tissues. Emphasis on correlation of cell and tissue functions with structures visible under the light and electron microscopes.

4

Prerequisites

BIO 355

BIO 477 Animal Physiology

Physiology of invertebrates and vertebrates including metabolism, temperature regulation, respiration, blood, circulation, water and ion balance, excretion, and the nervous, sensory, endocrine, and muscular systems.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 355 and one of BIO 277, BIO 341, or BIO 370

BIO 479 Neurobiology

Survey of major integrative mechanisms used by nervous systems from invertebrates to humans. Synaptic transmission, sensory processing and activity of neural circuitry controlling behavior will be analyzed.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 355

BIO 479L Neurobiology Laboratory

Computer-based laboratory exercises to complement BIO 479 lecture material, including intracellular and extracellular recording simulations.

1

Prerequisites

Pr. or Coreq. BIO 479

BIO 481 General Microbiology

Introductory survey of microbiology, emphasizing the role of microorganisms in everyday life.

4

Prerequisites

BIO 301, BIO 355, and BIO 392; or permission of instructor

BIO 491 Introduction to Mathematical Models in Biology

Exploration of research and methodology at the interface of mathematics and biology, with an overview of relevant fields and in-depth case studies. Focus will be on mathematical models in biology.

3

Prerequisites

B- or higher in BIO 112 and either MAT 191 or STA 271; or permission of instructor

Cross Listed Courses

Same as MAT 491.

BIO 493 Honors Work

Only three (3) s.h. allowed in combination with BIO 497 or BIO 499.

3–6

Prerequisites

Permission of instructor; 3.30 GPA in the major, 12 s.h. in the major

BIO 494 Introduction to Biotechnology

Introduction to the principles and techniques of biotechnology. Includes molecular cloning, DNA sequencing, and gene expression. Explores topics such as gene amplification, gene therapy, and DNA fingerprinting.

4

Prerequisites

BIO 392 and BIO 393

BIO 497 Internship in Biology

Students work at site outside University for a minimum of 45–135 hours under direction of faculty and on-site supervisor. Times vary. Prior approval required.

1–3

Prerequisites

Minimum overall GPA of 2.80; two of BIO 301, BIO 322, BIO 341, BIO 354, BIO 355, BIO 370, BIO 392 with a grade of C or better; and permission of instructor

BIO 498 Biology Seminar

Oral reports and discussions of topics from current literature of biology by students, faculty and guest lecturers.

1

BIO 499 Undergraduate Research

Biological research under the direction of a faculty member, culminating in a written report. Research will include laboratory and/or field work and/or directed readings of the literature. Times by arrangement.

1–3

Prerequisites

Two from BIO 301, BIO 322, BIO 341, BIO 354, BIO 355, BIO 370, BIO 392 and permission of instructor

BIO 501 Advanced Topics in Animal Ecology

Directed readings in the literature of physiological ecology, growth and regulation of populations, community structure, energy flow, mineral cycling, and other areas of current research interest.

3

Prerequisites

Permission of instructor

BIO 502 Advanced Topics in Animal Physiology

Study of physiological mechanisms; selected problems from current literature.

3

Prerequisites

Permission of instructor

BIO 503 Advanced Topics in Biochemistry

Directed readings and reports from the biochemical literature. Structure and biosynthesis of macromolecules and the composition and kinetic characteristics of biochemical pathways.

3

Prerequisites

Permission of instructor

BIO 504 Advanced Topics in Cell Biology

Advanced treatment of cell biology covering selected topics such as gene regulation, protein sorting, cell cycle control, apoptosis. The course will consist of lectures and discussion of research articles.

3

Prerequisites

Permission of instructor

BIO 505 Advanced Topics in Ecological Physiology

Study of a major topic in ecological physiology of animals, including mechanisms by which physiological processes change in response to environmental alterations and the ecological significance of those changes.

3

Prerequisites

Permission of instructor

BIO 506 Advanced Topics in Genetics

Basic mechanisms of gene action in microbes, animals, and plants.

3

Prerequisites

Permission of instructor

BIO 507 Advanced Topics in Neurobiology

Directed readings on fundamental physiological principles of nervous system functioning. Topics may include motor pattern generation, sensory transduction, sensori-motor integration, neurohormonal modulation of behavior.

3

Prerequisites

Permission of instructor

BIO 509 Advanced Topics in Microbiology

Critical review of current research covering a wide range of topics including infectious diseases, bacterial physiology, marine microbiology, and immunology. Focus on students' interests or needs.

3

Prerequisites

Permission of instructor

BIO 510 Advanced Topics in Plant Ecology

Studies of special terrestrial communities or plant groups.

3

Prerequisites

Permission of instructor

BIO 511 Advanced Topics in Plant Physiology

The physiology of growth and development in vascular plants treated in terms of phytohormones, nutrition, theories of transport, and environmental factors.

3

Prerequisites

Permission of instructor

BIO 512 Advanced Topics in Plant Structure and Evolution

Study of current topics in plant structure, development, and evolution. A term paper is normally required.

3

Prerequisites

Permission of instructor

BIO 513 Advanced Topics in Reproductive Biology

Directed readings and original research on reproductive biology, with emphasis on structural, regulatory, behavioral, and evolutionary aspects.

3

Prerequisites

Permission of instructor

BIO 515 Advanced Topics in Vertebrate History

Directed/independent study of classification and phylogeny of particular vertebrate groups that results in a term paper.

3

Prerequisites

Permission of instructor

BIO 520 Ecosystem Ecology

Introduction to ecosystem function, structure, and dynamics; basic ecosystem theories; discussions of key processes governing energy flow and nutrient cycling; comparison of ecosystems; selected original literature.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 301

BIO 522 Landscape Ecology

Introduction to patch-corridor-matrix structure of landscapes and their impact on ecological processes. Discussion of landscape indices, spatial heterogeneity, current issues, and general approaches in landscape ecology.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 301; STA 271 recommended

Corequisites

BIO 523

BIO 523 Landscape Ecology Laboratory

Field labs to observe different landscape structures and conduct course projects for comprehending principles of landscape ecology. Students will use computer labs for GIS basics, landscape analyses.

1

Prerequisites

BIO 301

Corequisites

BIO 522

BIO 526 Conservation Biology

Introduction to habitat and species conservation; topics include genetic diversity, demographic patterns of rare species, habitat fragmentation, design and management of nature reserves, ecological restoration.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 301 and BIO 392; STA 271 recommended

BIO 527 Terrestrial Plant Ecology

Application of principles of ecology to plants and plant communities. Experimental methods stressed in laboratory work. Two required weekend field trips.

3

Prerequisites

Permission of instructor

BIO 528 Microbial Ecology

Emphasis on current areas of active research with reference to applied problems.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 280 or BIO 481, or permission of instructor

BIO 529 Aquatic Ecology

The study of the geology, physics, chemistry, and ecology of lakes, including reservoirs and streams with comparisons to the ocean.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 301 and CHE 114, or permission of instructor

BIO 530 Aquatic Ecology Laboratory

Practical study of water chemistry methods, lake and stream morphometry, identification of freshwater zooplankton, benthic invertebrates and fish, and field trips to area reservoirs and streams.

1

Prerequisites

BIO 301

Corequisites

BIO 529

BIO 535 Biochemistry: Metabolic Regulation in Health and Disease

Chemical properties of major cellular compounds; biosynthesis, degradation, and function of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids, vitamins, and hormones; energy metabolism; enzymatic catalysis.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 355 or BIO 392, or permission of instructor

BIO 536 Biology of Aging

An integrative look at biological theory and mechanisms to explain the diversity of the aging process, including human implications.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 301, BIO 355, BIO 392, or permission of instructor

BIO 540 Genes and Signals

Investigates the regulation of gene expression in bacteria, yeast, and higher eukaryotes, and explores how such regulatory systems have evolved.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 355 and BIO 392

BIO 541 Entomology

A theoretical and practical overview of the insect orders, selected topics of insect behavior, ecology, and evolution, and an introduction to human-insect interactions.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 301 and BIO 341, or permission of instructor. BIO 392 recommended.

BIO 543 Biophysics

Introduction to cellular biophysics, with emphasis on the physical properties of membranes, including membrane transport mechanisms and electrical properties of membranes.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 355, CHE 114, MAT 191, and either PHY 211 with PHY 212 or PHY 291 with PHY 292; or permission of instructor.

Cross Listed Courses

Same as PHY 543.

BIO 545 General Biochemistry Laboratory

Experimental work designed to complement lecture material of BIO 535.

1

Prerequisites

Pr. or Coreq. BIO 535

BIO 549 Current Topics in Biology

Advanced topics courses in the biological sciences. Topics vary with instructor.

1–3

Prerequisites

BIO 112 and permission of instructor

BIO 552 Metamorphosis

Readings, discussions, and oral presentations of current literature on metamorphosis in animals. Mechanisms controlling metamorphosis, evolution of complex life cycles, and adaptations to differing habitats.

3

Prerequisites

Three (3) courses selected from BIO 301, BIO 322, BIO 341, BIO 354, BIO 355, BIO 370, BIO 392; or permission of instructor

BIO 555 Vertebrate Reproduction

An advanced treatment of the diversity of vertebrate reproductive biology, with emphasis on structural, regulatory, behavioral, and evolutionary aspects.

3

Prerequisites

One of BIO 277, BIO 370, BIO 425, BIO 453, BIO 464, or BIO 477

BIO 560 Symbiosis

Symbiotic interactions of living organisms from an evolutionary perspective. Metabolic, genetic, behavioral, and ecological adaptations which allow symbioses to be formed and maintained will be discussed.

3

Prerequisites

Three (3) courses selected from BIO 301, BIO 322, BIO 341, BIO 354, BIO 355, BIO 370, or BIO 392, or permission of instructor

BIO 567 Chemical Senses

Exploration and interactive discussion of chemosensory stimuli, chemosensory transduction mechanisms, neural processing of chemosensory information, and organismal consequences of chemoreception.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 355, and one of the following: BIO 277, BIO 472, BIO 477, BIO 479, PSY 435, PSY 436, or permission of instructor

BIO 573 Drugs and the Brain

Pharmacology of major neurotransmitter systems in the brain and nervous system. Actions of clinically relevant drugs on these systems will be analyzed along with major drugs of abuse.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 355, and one of the following: BIO 277, BIO 477, BIO 479, PSY 230; or permission of instructor.

BIO 575 Neuroanatomical Techniques

Practical experience with a variety of neuroanatomical procedures used to investigate the structural framework of nervous systems in invertebrate and vertebrate preparations. Students will learn to conduct independent projects.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 111 and BIO 112, and BIO 355 and one of the following: BIO 453, BIO 472, BIO 477, BIO 479, PSY 435, or permission of instructor

BIO 578 Hormones in Action

Hormonal signaling in humans and other animals is examined using developmental, physiological, behavioral, cellular, and molecular perspectives, with special emphasis on the adrenal glands and the gonads.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 355 and BIO 392

BIO 579 Environmental Physiology

Lectures, discussions, and student presentations on the physiology of animals as it is influenced by and is adapted to environmental conditions.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 112, and BIO 341 or BIO 355 or BIO 370, and BIO 277 or BIO 477

BIO 583 Virology

Selected topics in virology. Emphasis upon new trends in the study of animal, plant, and bacterial viruses at both molecular and cellular levels.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 481 or permission of instructor

BIO 584 Immunology

Principles of immunology and serology covering both humoral and cellular aspects of immunobiology. Selected topics include: T and B cell, immunoglobulins, tolerance, hypersensitivity.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 481 or permission of instructor

BIO 586 Cell Cycle and Cancer

Molecular basis of cell division and cancer examined through lectures and discussions of primary literature. Topics include cell cycle control, genomic stability, carcinogenesis, and cancer genetics.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 355 and BIO 392, or permission of instructor

BIO 587 Epigenetics

Study of epigenetic mechanisms involved in chromatin structure, DNA and histone modifications, gene expression, dosage compensation, imprinting, heterochromatin structure, stem cell differentiation, development, human disease, and environmental-gene interactions.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 355 and BIO 392

BIO 589 Experimental Course

This number reserved for experimental courses. Refer to the Course Schedule for current offerings.

BIO 589A Experimental Course: Ecology of Infectious Diseases

Discussion of the ecological drivers of infectious disease dynamics, distribution, and evolution ranging from the individual to biospheric factors. Includes theory, case studies, lab work, and field work.
4

Prerequisites

BIO 301

BIO 591 Population Genetics and Molecular Evolution

Application of population genetic and molecular evolutionary theory to the study of natural history, natural selection, genome variation and organization, human evolution, conservation biology, and forensics.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 392 or permission of instructor

BIO 593 Genetics of Complex Traits

Theory, experimental methods, and analysis related to the genetic basis for variation in complex traits, including quantitative and threshold traits in animals and plants, and complex human diseases.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 392 or permission of the instructor

BIO 595 Advanced Genetics

Selected topics in genetics at an advanced level. Emphasis placed on comparative view of molecular mechanisms underlying animal and plant development.

3

Prerequisites

BIO 392

BIO 596 Molecular Biological Approaches in Research

Use of novel molecular approaches to address current questions in the life sciences will be explored by analyzing recent research reports and learning the principles underlying these approaches.

1

Prerequisites

BIO 392

BIO 597 Workshops in Biotechnology

Individual, intensive four-week workshops focused on specific techniques in biotechnology. Provides hands-on experience designing and implementing a focused project utilizing current methods and bioinformatics.

1

Prerequisites

BIO 494 or permission of instructor

 

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